Build an Understanding of Diabetes

In the next issue of Sampan’s Health Page, we’ll explore symptoms, tips, and prevention techniques to ensure that whether you currently live with diabetes or not, you can continue to live a prosperous and healthy life.

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a metabolism disorder that affects the way the glucose that the food we eat produces is moved in our bloodstream. Our bodies produce insulin, a hormone created in the pancreas, which helps keep our blood sugar levels in check. A person with diabetes either does not produce insulin, doesn’t produce enough insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces.

What is Glucose?

Glucose is the sugar that is produced when we chew and digest our food. In fact, if you chew bread for long enough without swallowing, you’ll begin to notice that it will start to taste sweet.

What is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. It is vital because after we eat, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into our cells, which lowers the blood sugar level.

Type 1 – Diabetes

Type 1 – diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. For people with type 1 – diabetes, their bodies do not produce insulin.

Insulin is so important in converting the sugar, starch and food that we eat because these foods are the energy we use for daily life. Only 5 percent of people with diabetes have this type. However, with the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children with type 1- diabetes can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy, happy lives.

Type 2 – Diabetes

Type 2 – diabetes is the most common form of the condition. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 – diabetes, and many more are unaware that they are at high risk of developing the condition if they do not change the way they live. Type 2- diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.

For people with type 2 – diabetes, their bodies either do not produce enough insulin or the cells and the insulin do not work together..


Many women develop gestation diabetes during pregnancy, and usually around the 24th week. Those who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes doesn’t mean that they had diabetes before they conceived, or that they will have diabetes after giving birth. But for those of you who do have gesetational diabetes, it is important to check with a doctor and undertand the neccesary precautions you need to take to control the condtion. Also, heed your doctor’s advice regarding blood glucose (blood sugar) levels while you’re planning your pregnancy, so you and your baby both remain healthy.

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